Of course, it can. The largest democracy in the world today is INDIA: a non-Western country.
Likewise, fascism and dictatorship can work in Western countries: at one time, many Latin American countries, Spain, Italy, Portugal, Stalinist USSR.
Science, Enlightenment, and Technology, as well as bigotry, intolerance, and racism no know bounds: national, hemispherical, latitudinal or longitudinal. They can move from place to place, depending on which forces come to power.